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Tag: independence



I found a series of books, the KA WANA Series that was put together in 2006 by a team from the University of Hawaii.  It was the culmination of grant-funded work done by a Dept. of Education team to develop a course of study for native Hawaiian children.

The project was called the PIHANA NA MAMO project or alternatively “The Native Hawaiian Special Education” project.  The books were written by cultural expert Malcom Naea Chun.

In one of the books in the series Chun does a riff on the Hawaiian concept of “independence,” which is not exactly the same as the Western version.  According to Chun, the Hawaiian form of “independence” is more about self-sufficiency, authenticity, and interdependence.

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